WHAT QURAN SAYS
(Surah AL-WAQI’AH (THE INEVITABLE) AL-HADID (THE IRON) AL-MUJADILA (THE PLEADING WOMAN) AL-HASHR (THE EXILE) AL-MUMTAHANAH (SHE THAT IS TO BE EXAMINED) AS-SAF (THE RANKS) AL-JUMU’AH (THE CONGREGATION, FRIDAY) AL-MUNAFIQUN (THE HYPOCRITES) AT-AT-TAGHABUN (THE MUTUAL DISILLUSION) AT-TALAQ (THE DIVORCE)
Chairman Centre of Advisory Services for Islamic Banking and Finance (CAIF),Former Member of IFSB on Islamic Money Market, Former Head of FSCD SBP, Former Head of Research ArifHabib Investments, Member visiting Faculty/ KASBIT/BIZTEK/Sheikh Zayed Institute University of Karachi/PAF KIET/MAJU
In Surah AL-WAQI’AH, Allah says about those who are on the right and who are on the wrong–
56:1 When the Occurrence occurs,56:2 There is, at its occurrence, no denial.56:3 It will bring down [some] and raise up [others].56:7 And you become [of] three kinds:56:8 Then the companions of the right – what are the companions of the right?56:9 And the companions of the left – what are the companions of the left?56:10 And the forerunners, the forerunners -56:11 Those are the ones brought near [to Allah ]56:27 The companions of the right – what are the companions of the right?56:28 (They will be] among lote trees with thorns removed 56:41 And the companions of the left – what are the companions of the left?56:42[They will be] in scorching fire and scalding water56:49 Say, [O Muhammad], “Indeed, the former and the later peoples56:50 Are to be gathered together for the appointment of a known Day.”
On creation of human being Allah says-
56:57 We have created you, so why do you not believe?56:58 Have you seen that which you emit? 56:59s it you who creates it, or are We the Creator?56:60 We have decreed death among you, and We are not to be outdone56:61 In that We will change your likenesses and produce you in that [form] which you do not know.56:62 And you have already known the first creation, so will you not remember? 56:63 And have you seen that [seed] which you sow?56:64 Is it you who makes it grow, or are We the grower?56:65 If We willed, We could make it [dry] debris, and you would remain in wonder,56:74 So exalt the name of your Lord, the Most Great.
On Quran Allah says-
56:76And indeed, it is an oath – if you could know – [most] great. 56:77Indeed, it is a noble Qur’an56:78In a Register well-protected;56:79None touch it except the purified.56:80[It is] a revelation from the Lord of the worlds.56:81Then is it to this statement that you are indifferent56:82And make [the thanks for] your provision that you deny [the Provider]?56:83Then why, when the soul at death reaches the throat56:84And you are at that time looking on -56:85And Our angels are nearer to him than you, but you do not see -56:86Then why do you not, if you are not to be recompensed,56:87Bring it back, if you should be truthful?56:88And if the deceased was of those brought near to Allah ,56:89Then [for him is] rest and bounty and a garden of pleasure.56:90And if he was of the companions of the right,56:91Then [the angels will say], “Peace for you; [you are] from the companions of the right.”56:92But if he was of the deniers [who were] astray,56:93Then [for him is] accommodation of scalding water56:94And burning in Hellfire56:95Indeed, this is the true certainty,56:96So exalt the name of your Lord, the Most Great.
In Surah AL-HADID Allah says about himself-
57:1Whatever is in the heavens and earth exalts Allah , and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. 57:2 His is the dominion of the heavens and earth. He gives life and causes death, and He is over all things competent.57:3 He is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate, and He is, of all things, Knowing.57:4 It is He who created the heavens and earth in six days and then established Himself above the Throne. He knows what penetrates into the earth and what emerges from it and what descends from the heaven and what ascends therein; and He is with you wherever you are. And Allah , of what you do, is Seeing.57:5 His is the dominion of the heavens and earth. And to Allah are returned [all] matters.57:6 He causes the night to enter the day and causes the day to enter the night, and he is Knowing of that within the breasts.57:7 Believe in Allah and His Messenger and spend out of that in which He has made you successors. For those who have believed among you and spent, there will be a great reward.
On believing men and women Allah says-
57:12 On the Day you see the believing men and believing women, their light proceeding before them and on their right, [it will be said], “Your good tidings today are [of] gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein you will abide eternally.” That is what is the great attainment.57:13 On the [same] Day the hypocrite men and hypocrite women will say to those who believed, “Wait for us that we may acquire some of your light.” It will be said, “Go back behind you and seek light.” And a wall will be placed between them with a door, its interior containing mercy, but on the outside of it is torment.57:14 The hypocrites will call to the believers, “Were we not with you?” They will say, “Yes, but you afflicted yourselves and awaited [misfortune for us] and doubted, and wishful thinking deluded you until there came the command of Allah . And the Deceiver deceived you concerning Allah .57:15 So today no ransom will be taken from you or from those who disbelieved. Your refuge is the Fire. It is most worthy of you, and wretched is the destination.
On practice of charity Allah says-
57:18 Indeed, the men who practice charity and the women who practice charity and [they who] have loaned Allah a goodly loan – it will be multiplied for them, and they will have a noble reward.
On following massenegers sent by Allah, Allah says-
57:25 We have already sent Our messengers with clear evidences and sent down with them the Scripture and the balance that the people may maintain [their affairs] in justice. And We sent down iron, wherein is great military might and benefits for the people, and so that Allah may make evident those who support Him and His messengers unseen. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might.57:29[This is] so that the People of the Scripture may know that they are not able [to obtain] anything from the bounty of Allah and that [all] bounty is in the hand of Allah ; He gives it to whom He wills. And Allah is the possessor of great bounty.
In Surah AL-MUJADILA Allah says about pleading women-
58:1 Certainly has Allah heard the speech of the one who argues with you, [O Muhammad], concerning her husband and directs her complaint to Allah . And Allah hears your dialogue; indeed, Allah is Hearing and Seeing.58:2 Those who pronounce thihar among you [to separate] from their wives – they are not [consequently] their mothers. Their mothers are none but those who gave birth to them. And indeed, they are saying an objectionable statement and a falsehood. But indeed, Allah is Pardoning and Forgiving.58:3 And those who pronounce thihar from their wives and then [wish to] go back on what they said – then [there must be] the freeing of a slave before they touch one another. That is what you are admonished thereby; and Allah is Acquainted with what you do.58:4 And he who does not find [a slave] – then a fast for two months consecutively before they touch one another; and he who is unable – then the feeding of sixty poor persons. That is for you to believe [completely] in Allah and His Messenger; and those are the limits [set by] Allah . And for the disbelievers is a painful punishment.58:5 Indeed, those who oppose Allah and His Messenger are abased as those before them were abased. And We have certainly sent down verses of clear evidence. And for the disbelievers is a humiliating punishment.
On private conversation on doing sin and disobeying Allah, Allah says-
58:8 Have you not considered those who were forbidden from private conversation, then they return to that which they were forbidden and converse among themselves about sin and aggression and disobedience to the Messenger? And when they come to you, they greet you with that [word] by which Allah does not greet you and say among themselves, “Why does Allah not punish us for what we say?” Sufficient for them is Hell, which they will [enter to] burn, and wretched is the destination.58:10 Private conversation is only from Satan that he may grieve those who have believed, but he will not harm them at all except by permission of Allah . And upon Allah let the believers rely.
Giving space to others and giving Zakat, establishing prayer and obeying Allah and his massenegers, Allah says-
58:11 O you who have believed, when you are told, “Space yourselves” in assemblies, then make space; Allah will make space for you. And when you are told, “Arise,” then arise; Allah will raise those who have believed among you and those who were given knowledge, by degrees. And Allah is Acquainted with what you do.58:12 O you who have believed, when you [wish to] privately consult the Messenger, present before your consultation a charity. That is better for you and purer. But if you find not [the means] – then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.58:13 Have you feared to present before your consultation charities? Then when you do not and Allah has forgiven you, then [at least] establish prayer and give zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah is Acquainted with what you do.58:14 Have you not considered those who make allies of a people with whom Allah has become angry? They are neither of you nor of them, and they swear to untruth while they know [they are lying].58:15 Allah has prepared for them a severe punishment. Indeed, it was evil that they were doing.
For taking false oath as a cover Allah says-
58:16 They took their [false] oaths as a cover, so they averted [people] from the way of Allah , and for them is a humiliating punishment. 58:17 Never will their wealth or their children avail them against Allah at all. Those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally58:20 Indeed, the ones who oppose Allah and His Messenger – those will be among the most humbled.58:21 Allah has written, “I will surely overcome, I and My messengers.” Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might.
In Surah AL-HASHR, Allah says about his massenger-
59:6 And what Allah restored [of property] to His Messenger from them – you did not spur for it [in an expedition] any horses or camels, but Allah gives His messengers power over whom He wills, and Allah is over all things competent.59:7 And what Allah restored to His Messenger from the people of the towns – it is for Allah and for the Messenger and for [his] near relatives and orphans and the [stranded] traveler – so that it will not be a perpetual distribution among the rich from among you. And whatever the Messenger has given you – take; and what he has forbidden you – refrain from. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.
For the emigrants Allah says-
59:8 For the poor emigrants who were expelled from their homes and their properties, seeking bounty from Allah and [His] approval and supporting Allah and His Messenger, [there is also a share]. Those are the truthful.59:9 And [also for] those who were settled in al-Madinah and [adopted] the faith before them. They love those who emigrated to them and find not any want in their breasts of what the emigrants were given but give [them] preference over themselves, even though they are in privation. And whoever is protected from the stinginess of his soul – it is those who will be the successful.59:10 And [there is a share for] those who came after them, saying, “Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith and put not in our hearts [any] resentment toward those who have believed. Our Lord, indeed You are Kind and Merciful.”
On Quran Allah says-
59:21 If We had sent down this Qur’an upon a mountain, you would have seen it humbled and coming apart from fear of Allah . And these examples We present to the people that perhaps they will give thought.59:22 He is Allah , other than whom there is no deity, Knower of the unseen and the witnessed. He is the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
In Surah AL-MUMTAHANAH Allah says about enemies as-
60:1 O you who have believed, do not take My enemies and your enemies as allies, extending to them affection while they have disbelieved in what came to you of the truth, having driven out the Prophet and yourselves [only] because you believe in Allah , your Lord. If you have come out for jihad in My cause and seeking means to My approval, [take them not as friends]. You confide to them affection, but I am most knowing of what you have concealed and what you have declared. And whoever does it among you has certainly strayed from the soundness of the way.60:2 If they gain dominance over you, they would be to you as enemies and extend against you their hands and their tongues with evil, and they wish you would disbelieve.60:3 Never will your relatives or your children benefit you; the Day of Resurrection He will judge between you. And Allah , of what you do, is Seeing.60:10 O you who have believed, when the believing women come to you as emigrants, examine them. Allah is most knowing as to their faith. And if you know them to be believers, then do not return them to the disbelievers; they are not lawful [wives] for them, nor are they lawful [husbands] for them. But give the disbelievers what they have spent. And there is no blame upon you if you marry them when you have given them their due compensation. And hold not to marriage bonds with disbelieving women, but ask for what you have spent and let them ask for what they have spent. That is the judgement of Allah ; He judges between you. And Allah is Knowing and Wise.
On women lost to disbelievers Allah says-
60:11 And if you have lost any of your wives to the disbelievers and you subsequently obtain [something], then give those whose wives have gone the equivalent of what they had spent. And fear Allah , in whom you are believers.60:12 O Prophet, when the believing women come to you pledging to you that they will not associate anything with Allah , nor will they steal, nor will they commit unlawful sexual intercourse, nor will they kill their children, nor will they bring forth a slander they have invented between their arms and legs, nor will they disobey you in what is right – then accept their pledge and ask forgiveness for them of Allah . Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
in Surah AS-SAF Allah says about his guidings to the disblievers-
61:4 Indeed, Allah loves those who fight in His cause in a row as though they are a [single] structure joined firmly.61:7 And who is more unjust than one who invents about Allah untruth while he is being invited to Islam. And Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people.
In Surah AL-JUMU’AH, Allah says about jumma prayer-
62:2It is He who has sent among the unlettered a Messenger from themselves reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom – although they were before in clear error -62:3And [to] others of them who have not yet joined them. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.62:5The example of those who were entrusted with the Torah and then did not take it on is like that of a donkey who carries volumes [of books]. Wretched is the example of the people who deny the signs of Allah . And Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people.62:8Say, “Indeed, the death from which you flee – indeed, it will meet you. Then you will be returned to the Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, and He will inform you about what you used to do.”62:9O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the prayer on the day of Jumu’ah [Friday], then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade. That is better for you, if you only knew.62:10And when the prayer has been concluded, disperse within the land and seek from the bounty of Allah , and remember Allah often that you may succeed.
In Surah AL-MUNAFIQUN , on Allah guidance he says-
63:5 And when it is said to them, “Come, the Messenger of Allah will ask forgiveness for you,” they turn their heads aside and you see them evading while they are arrogant. 63:6 It is all the same for them whether you ask forgiveness for them or do not ask forgiveness for them; never will Allah forgive them. Indeed, Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people. 63:7 They are the ones who say, “Do not spend on those who are with the Messenger of Allah until they disband.” And to Allah belongs the depositories of the heavens and the earth, but the hypocrites do not understand. 63:8 They say, “If we return to al-Madinah, the more honored [for power] will surely expel therefrom the more humble.” And to Allah belongs [all] honor, and to His Messenger, and to the believers, but the hypocrites do not know.
In Surah AT-AT-TAGHABUN about disbelievers Allah asys-
64:6 That is because their messengers used to come to them with clear evidences, but they said, “Shall human beings guide us?” and disbelieved and turned away. And Allah dispensed [with them]; and Allah is Free of need and Praiseworthy. 64:7 Those who disbelieve have claimed that they will never be resurrected. Say, “Yes, by my Lord, you will surely be resurrected; then you will surely be informed of what you did. And that, for Allah , is easy.” 64:8 So believe in Allah and His Messenger and the Qur’an which We have sent down. And Allah is Acquainted with what you do.
For forgiveness by Allah, Allah says-
64:14 O you who have believed, indeed, among your wives and your children are enemies to you, so beware of them. But if you pardon and overlook and forgive – then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. 64:15 Your wealth and your children are but a trial, and Allah has with Him a great reward. 64:16 So fear Allah as much as you are able and listen and obey and spend [in the way of Allah ]; it is better for your selves. And whoever is protected from the stinginess of his soul – it is those who will be the successful. 64:17 If you loan Allah a goodly loan, He will multiply it for you and forgive you. And Allah is Most Appreciative and Forbearing.
In Surah AT-TALAQ Allah explains and orders regarding Divorce-
65:1 O Prophet, when you [Muslims] divorce women, divorce them for [the commencement of] their waiting period and keep count of the waiting period, and fear Allah , your Lord. Do not turn them out of their [husbands’] houses, nor should they [themselves] leave [during that period] unless they are committing a clear immorality. And those are the limits [set by] Allah . And whoever transgresses the limits of Allah has certainly wronged himself. You know not; perhaps Allah will bring about after that a [different] matter. 65:2 And when they have [nearly] fulfilled their term, either retain them according to acceptable terms or part with them according to acceptable terms. And bring to witness two just men from among you and establish the testimony for [the acceptance of] Allah . That is instructed to whoever should believe in Allah and the Last day. And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him a way out65:3 And will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever relies upon Allah – then He is sufficient for him. Indeed, Allah will accomplish His purpose. Allah has already set for everything a [decreed] extent. 65:4 And those who no longer expect menstruation among your women – if you doubt, then their period is three months, and [also for] those who have not menstruated. And for those who are pregnant, their term is until they give birth. And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him of his matter ease. 65:5 That is the command of Allah , which He has sent down to you; and whoever fears Allah – He will remove for him his misdeeds and make great for him his reward. 65:6 Lodge them [in a section] of where you dwell out of your means and do not harm them in order to oppress them. And if they should be pregnant, then spend on them until they give birth. And if they breastfeed for you, then give them their payment and confer among yourselves in the acceptable way; but if you are in discord, then there may breastfeed for the father another woman. 65:7 Let a man of wealth spend from his wealth, and he whose provision is restricted – let him spend from what Allah has given him. Allah does not charge a soul except [according to] what He has given it. Allah will bring about, after hardship, ease.