What Quran Says

(SurahAnNahl,AlIsra,AlKahf,Maryam,Taha)

Muhammad Arif

Former Member of IFSB on Islamic Money Market, Former Head of FSCD SBP, Former Head of Research ArifHabib Investments, Member visiting Faculty/ KASBIT/BIZTEK/Sheikh Zayed Institute University of Karachi/PAF KIET/MAJU

In Ayat,An Nahl, Allah says

16.2 He sends down the angels, with the inspiration of His command, upon whom He wills of His servants, [telling them], “Warn that there is no deity except Me; so fear Me.”16:3He created the heavens and earth in truth. High is He above what they associate with Him.16:4He created man from a sperm-drop; then at once, he is a clear adversary.16:5And the grazing livestock He has created for you; in them is warmth and [numerous] benefits, and from them you eat.16:6And for you in them is [the enjoyment of] beauty when you bring them in [for the evening] and when you send them out [to pasture].16:7And they carry your loads to a land you could not have reached except with difficulty to yourselves. Indeed, your Lord is Kind and Merciful.

Here Allah has defined about life hereafter

16:21They are, [in fact], dead, not alive, and they do not perceive when they will be resurrected.16:22Your god is one God. But those who do not believe in the Hereafter – their hearts are disapproving, and they are arrogant 16:23Assuredly, Allah knows what they conceal and what they declare. Indeed, He does not like the arrogant.

Allah here has sketched down life hereafter for those who obeyed Allah orders in this world

16:30And it will be said to those who feared Allah , “What did your Lord send down?” They will say, “[That which is] good.” For those who do good in this world is good; and the home of the Hereafter is better. And how excellent is the home of the righteous  16:31Gardens of perpetual residence, which they will enter, beneath which rivers flow. They will have therein whatever they wish. Thus does Allah reward the righteous -16:32The ones whom the angels take in death, [being] good and pure; [the angels] will say, “Peace be upon you. Enter Paradise for what you used to do.”16:41And those who emigrated for [the cause of] Allah after they had been wronged – We will surely settle them in this world in a good place; but the reward of the Hereafter is greater, if only they could know.16:42[They are] those who endured patiently and upon their Lord relied.

About birth of females, Allah has clarified here.

16:58And when one of them is informed of [the birth of] a female, his face becomes dark, and he suppresses grief.16:59 He hides himself from the people because of the ill of which he has been informed. Should he keep it in humiliation or bury it in the ground? Unquestionably, evil is what they decide.

Here Allah has defined about intakes of those who work with reason.

16:66And indeed, for you in grazing livestock is a lesson. We give you drink from what is in their bellies – between excretion and blood – pure milk, palatable to drinkers.16:67And from the fruits of the palm trees and grapevines you take intoxicant and good provision. Indeed in that is a sign for a people who reason.

Allah here has explained about life of mates

16:72And Allah has made for you from yourselves mates and has made for you from your mates sons and grandchildren and has provided for you from the good things. Then in falsehood do they believe and in the favor of Allah they disbelieve 16:73And they worship besides Allah that which does not possess for them [the power of] provision from the heavens and the earth at all, and [in fact], they are unable 16:74So do not assert similarities to Allah . Indeed, Allah knows and you do not know.16:75Allah presents an example: a slave [who is] owned and unable to do a thing and he to whom We have provided from Us good provision, so he spends from it secretly and publicly. Can they be equal? Praise to Allah ! But most of them do not know.16:76And Allah presents an example of two men, one of them dumb and unable to do a thing, while he is a burden to his guardian. Wherever he directs him, he brings no good. Is he equal to one who commands justice, while he is on a straight path?16:77And to Allah belongs the unseen [aspects] of the heavens and the earth. And the command for the Hour is not but as a glance of the eye or even nearer. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent.

On recitation of Quran Allah says

16:98So when you recite the Qur’an, [first] seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the expelled [from His mercy].16:99Indeed, there is for him no authority over those who have believed and rely upon their Lord.16:100His authority is only over those who take him as an ally and those who through him associate others with Allah .

On making cities secure Allah says

16:112And Allah presents an example: a city which was safe and secure, its provision coming to it in abundance from every location, but it denied the favors of Allah . So Allah made it taste the envelopment of hunger and fear for what they had been doing.16:113And there had certainly come to them a Messenger from among themselves, but they denied him; so punishment overtook them while they were wrongdoers.16:114Then eat of what Allah has provided for you [which is] lawful and good. And be grateful for the favor of Allah , if it is [indeed] Him that you worship.

Here Allah has indicated about forbidden foods

16:115He has only forbidden to you dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than Allah . But whoever is forced [by necessity], neither desiring [it] nor transgressing [its limit] – then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

About Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) Allah says

16:120Indeed, Abraham was a [comprehensive] leader, devoutly obedient to Allah , inclining toward truth, and he was not of those who associate others with Allah .16:121[He was] grateful for His favors. Allah chose him and guided him to a straight path.16:122And We gave him good in this world, and indeed, in the Hereafter he will be among the righteous.16:123Then We revealed to you, [O Muhammad], to follow the religion of Abraham, inclining toward truth; and he was not of those who associate with Allah .

In Ayat,Al Isra Allah says about the events from Masjid al Haram to al-Masjid al- Aqsa

17:1Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al- Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing.17:2And We gave Moses the Scripture and made it a guidance for the Children of Israel that you not take other than Me as Disposer of affairs 17:3O descendants of those We carried [in the ship] with Noah. Indeed, he was a grateful servant.17:4And We conveyed to the Children of Israel in the Scripture that, “You will surely cause corruption on the earth twice, and you will surely reach [a degree of] great haughtiness.17:5So when the [time of] promise came for the first of them, We sent against you servants of Ours – those of great military might, and they probed [even] into the homes, and it was a promise fulfilled.

About Quran, Allah says

17:9Indeed, this Qur’an guides to that which is most suitable and gives good tidings to the believers who do righteous deeds that they will have a great reward.

Here Allah has explained that nights and days are made to count your life and plan accordingly

17:12And We have made the night and day two signs, and We erased the sign of the night and made the sign of the day visible that you may seek bounty from your Lord and may know the number of years and the account [of time]. And everything We have set out in detail.

About Poor’s rights Allah says

17:26And give the relative his right, and [also] the poor and the traveler, and do not spend wastefully.17:27Indeed, the wasteful are brothers of the devils, and ever has Satan been to his Lord ungrateful.

About responsibility for your children Allah says

17:31And do not kill your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Indeed, their killing is ever a great sin.17:32And do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse. Indeed, it is ever an immorality and is evil as a way.17:33And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden, except by right. And whoever is killed unjustly – We have given his heir authority, but let him not exceed limits in [the matter of] taking life. Indeed, he has been supported [by the law].17:34And do not approach the property of an orphan, except in the way that is best, until he reaches maturity. And fulfill [every] commitment. Indeed, the commitment is ever [that about which one will be] questioned.17:35And give full measure when you measure, and weigh with an even balance. That is the best [way] and best in result.17:36And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart – about all those [one] will be questioned 17:37And do not walk upon the earth exultantly. Indeed, you will never tear the earth [apart], and you will never reach the mountains in height.

About Quran Allah again says

17:45And when you recite the Qur’an, We put between you and those who do not believe in the Hereafter a concealed partition.17:47We are most knowing of how they listen to it when they listen to you and [of] when they are in private conversation, when the wrongdoers say, “You follow not but a man affected by magic.”17:71[Mention, O Muhammad], the Day We will call forth every people with their record [of deeds]. Then whoever is given his record in his right hand – those will read their records, and injustice will not be done to them, [even] as much as a thread [inside the date seed].

About establishing prayer Allah says

17:78Establish prayer at the decline of the sun [from its meridian] until the darkness of the night and [also] the Qur’an of dawn. Indeed, the recitation of dawn is ever witnessed.17:79And from [part of] the night, pray with it as additional [worship] for you; it is expected that your Lord will resurrect you to a praised station.

About Quran Allah again says

17:82And We send down of the Qur’an that which is healing and mercy for the believers, but it does not increase the wrongdoers except in loss.17:89And We have certainly diversified for the people in this Qur’an from every [kind] of example, but most of the people refused [anything] except disbelief 17:90And they say, “We will not believe you until you break open for us from the ground a spring.17:91Or [until] you have a garden of palm trees and grapes and make rivers gush forth within them in force [and abundance]17:92Or you make the heaven fall upon us in fragments as you have claimed or you bring Allah and the angels before [us]

About obeying his orders Allah here says

17:93Or you have a house of gold or you ascend into the sky. And [even then], we will not believe in your ascension until you bring down to us a book we may read.” Say, “Exalted is my Lord! Was I ever but a human messenger?”17:94And what prevented the people from believing when guidance came to them except that they said, “Has Allah sent a human messenger?”17:95Say, “If there were upon the earth angels walking securely, We would have sent down to them from the heaven an angel [as a] messenger.”17:96Say, “Sufficient is Allah as Witness between me and you. Indeed he is ever, concerning His servants, Acquainted and Seeing.”

About Hazrat Moses (AS) and Hazrat Muhammad (PBU) Allah says

17:101And We had certainly given Moses nine evident signs, so ask the Children of Israel [about] when he came to them and Pharaoh said to him, “Indeed I think, O Moses, that you are affected by magic.”17:102[Moses] said, “You have already known that none has sent down these [signs] except the Lord of the heavens and the earth as evidence, and indeed I think, O Pharaoh, that you are destroyed.”17:103So he intended to drive them from the land, but We drowned him and those with him all together.17:104And We said after Pharaoh to the Children of Israel, “Dwell in the land, and when there comes the promise of the Hereafter, We will bring you forth in [one] gathering.”17:105And with the truth We have sent the Qur’an down, and with the truth it has descended. And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a bringer of good tidings and a warner.17:106And [it is] a Qur’an which We have separated [by intervals] that you might recite it to the people over a prolonged period. And We have sent it down progressively.17:107Say, “Believe in it or do not believe. Indeed, those who were given knowledge before it – when it is recited to them, they fall upon their faces in prostration,

In AyatAl Kahf on reciting Quran, Allah says

18:27And recite, [O Muhammad], what has been revealed to you of the Book of your Lord. There is no changer of His words, and never will you find in other than Him a refuge.18:28And keep yourself patient [by being] with those who call upon their Lord in the morning and the evening, seeking His countenance. And let not your eyes pass beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life, and do not obey one whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembrance and who follows his desire and whose affair is ever [in] neglect.

Giving example of two men, one obeying Allah and other not but feeling pride on his wealth only Allah says

18:32And present to them an example of two men: We granted to one of them two gardens of grapevines, and We bordered them with palm trees and placed between them [fields of] crops.18:33Each of the two gardens produced its fruit and did not fall short thereof in anything. And We caused to gush forth within them a river.18:34And he had fruit, so he said to his companion while he was conversing with him, “I am greater than you in wealth and mightier in [numbers of] men.”18:35And he entered his garden while he was unjust to himself. He said, “I do not think that this will perish – ever 18:36And I do not think the Hour will occur. And even if I should be brought back to my Lord, I will surely find better than this as a return.”18:37His companion said to him while he was conversing with him, “Have you disbelieved in He who created you from dust and then from a sperm-drop and then proportioned you [as] a man?18:38But as for me, He is Allah , my Lord, and I do not associate with my Lord anyone.18:39And why did you, when you entered your garden, not say, ‘What Allah willed [has occurred]; there is no power except in Allah ‘? Although you see me less than you in wealth and children,18:40It may be that my Lord will give me [something] better than your garden and will send upon it a calamity from the sky, and it will become a smooth, dusty ground 18:41Or its water will become sunken [into the earth], so you would never be able to seek it.”18:42And his fruits were encompassed [by ruin], so he began to turn his hands about [in dismay] over what he had spent on it, while it had collapsed upon its trellises, and said, “Oh, I wish I had not associated with my Lord anyone.”18:43And there was for him no company to aid him other than Allah , nor could he defend himself.18:44There the authority is [completely] for Allah , the Truth. He is best in reward and best in outcome.

Here On Hazrat Moses (AS) life Allah says

18:60And [mention] when Moses said to his servant, “I will not cease [traveling] until I reach the junction of the two seas or continue for a long period. 18:61But when they reached the junction between them, they forgot their fish, and it took its course into the sea, slipping away.18:62So when they had passed beyond it, [Moses] said to his boy, “Bring us our morning meal. We have certainly suffered in this, our journey, [much] fatigue.”18:63He said, “Did you see when we retired to the rock? Indeed, I forgot [there] the fish. And none made me forget it except Satan – that I should mention it. And it took its course into the sea amazingly”.18:64[Moses] said, “That is what we were seeking.” So they returned, following their footprints.18:65And they found a servant from among Our servants to whom we had given mercy from us and had taught him from Us a [certain] knowledge.18:66Moses said to him, “May I follow you on [the condition] that you teach me from what you have been taught of sound judgement?”18:67He said, “Indeed, with me you will never be able to have patience.18:68And how can you have patience for what you do not encompass in knowledge?”18:69[Moses] said, “You will find me, if Allah wills, patient, and I will not disobey you in [any] order.”

Here on oneness of God Allah says

18:110Say, “I am only a man like you, to whom has been revealed that your god is one God. So whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord – let him do righteous work and not associate in the worship of his Lord anyone.”

In Ayat Maryam Allah says

[This is] a mention of the mercy of your Lord to His servant Zechariah19:3When he called to his Lord a private supplication.19:4He said, “My Lord, indeed my bones have weakened, and my head has filled with white, and never have I been in my supplication to You, my Lord, unhappy.19:5And indeed, I fear the successors after me, and my wife has been barren, so give me from Yourself an heir19:6Who will inherit me and inherit from the family of Jacob. And make him, my Lord, pleasing [to You].”19:7[He was told], “O Zechariah, indeed We give you good tidings of a boy whose name will be John. We have not assigned to any before [this] name.”19:8He said, “My Lord, how will I have a boy when my wife has been barren and I have reached extreme old age?”19:9[An angel] said, “Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, ‘It is easy for Me, for I created you before, while you were nothing.’ “19:10[Zechariah] said, “My Lord, make for me a sign.” He said, “Your sign is that you will not speak to the people for three nights, [being] sound.”19:11So he came out to his people from the prayer chamber and signaled to them to exalt [ Allah ] in the morning and afternoon.19:12[ Allah ] said, “O John, take the Scripture with determination.” And We gave him judgment [while yet] a boy.

On sending Quran in Arabic Allah says

So, [O Muhammad], We have only made Qur’an easy in the Arabic language that you may give good tidings thereby to the righteous and warn thereby a hostile people.19:98And how many have We destroyed before them of generations? Do you perceive of them anyone or hear from them a sound?

In Ayat Taha Allah again explains about sending Quran in Arabic

20:2We have not sent down to you the Qur’an that you be distressed20:3But only as a reminder for those who fear [ Allah ] -20:14Indeed, I am Allah . There is no deity except Me, so worship Me and establish prayer for My remembrance.20:113And thus We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an and have diversified therein the warnings that perhaps they will avoid [sin] or it would cause them remembrance.20:114So high [above all] is Allah , the Sovereign, the Truth. And, [O Muhammad], do not hasten with [recitation of] the Qur’an before its revelation is completed to you, and say, “My Lord, increase me in knowledge.”

 

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