What Quran Says
Former Member of IFSB on Islamic Money Market, Former Head of FSCD SBP, Former Head of Research ArifHabib Investments, Member visiting Faculty/ KASBIT/BIZTEK/Sheikh Zayed Institute University of Karachi/PAF KIET/MAJU
In Surah Ash-Shu’ara Allah has given examples of various messengerswith purpose of their sending to various societies. Like for Hazrat Moses (AS) Allah says-
26:10And [mention] when your Lord called Moses, [saying], “Go to the wrongdoing people -26:11The people of Pharaoh. Will they not fear Allah ? 26:12He said, “My Lord, indeed I fear that they will deny me26:13And that my breast will tighten and my tongue will not be fluent, so send for Aaron.26:14And they have upon me a [claim due to] sin, so I fear that they will kill me.”26:15[ Allah ] said, “No. Go both of you with Our signs; indeed, We are with you, listening.26:16Go to Pharaoh and say, ‘We are the messengers of the Lord of the worlds 26:17[Commanded to say], “Send with us the Children of Israel.”‘”26:18[Pharaoh] said, “Did we not raise you among us as a child, and you remained among us for years of your life?26:19And [then] you did your deed which you did, and you were of the ungrateful.”26:20[Moses] said, “I did it, then, while I was of those astray.26:21So I fled from you when I feared you. Then my Lord granted me wisdom and prophet hood and appointed me [as one] of the messengers.26:22And is this a favor of which you remind me – that you have enslaved the Children of Israel?”26:23Said Pharaoh, “And what is the Lord of the worlds? 26:24[Moses] said, “The Lord of the heavens and earth and that between them, if you should be convinced.”26:25[Pharaoh] said to those around him, “Do you not hear?”26:26[Moses] said, “Your Lord and the Lord of your first forefathers. 26:27[Pharaoh] said, “Indeed, your ‘messenger’ who has been sent to you is mad.”26:28[Moses] said, “Lord of the east and the west and that between them, if you were to reason.”26:29[Pharaoh] said, “If you take a god other than me, I will surely place you among those imprisoned.”26:30[Moses] said, “Even if I brought you proof manifest? 26:31[Pharaoh] said, “Then bring it, if you should be of the truthful.”26:32So [Moses] threw his staff, and suddenly it was a serpent manifest.26:33And he drew out his hand; thereupon it was white for the observers.26:34[Pharaoh] said to the eminent ones around him, “Indeed, this is a learned magician.26:35He wants to drive you out of your land by his magic, so what do you advise?”26:36They said, “Postpone [the matter of] him and his brother and send among the cities gatherers26:37Who will bring you every learned, skilled magician.”26:38So the magicians were assembled for the appointment of a well-known day.26:39And it was said to the people, “Will you congregate26:40That we might follow the magicians if they are the predominant?”26:41And when the magicians arrived, they said to Pharaoh, “Is there indeed for us a reward if we are the predominant?”26:42He said, “Yes, and indeed, you will then be of those near [to me].”26:43Moses said to them, “Throw whatever you will throw.”26:44So they threw their ropes and their staffs and said, “By the might of Pharaoh, indeed it is we who are predominant.”26:45Then Moses threw his staff, and at once it devoured what they falsified.26:46So the magicians fell down in prostration [to Allah ].26:47They said, “We have believed in the Lord of the worlds,26:48The Lord of Moses and Aaron.26:49[Pharaoh] said, “You believed Moses before I gave you permission. Indeed, he is your leader who has taught you magic, but you are going to know. I will surely cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides, and I will surely crucify you all.”26:50They said, “No harm. Indeed, to our Lord we will return.26:51Indeed, we aspire that our Lord will forgive us our sins because we were the first of the believers.”26:52And We inspired to Moses, “Travel by night with My servants; indeed, you will be pursued.”26:53Then Pharaoh sent among the cities gatherers26:54[And said], “Indeed, those are but a small band,26:55And indeed, they are enraging us,26:56And indeed, we are a cautious society… “26:57So We removed them from gardens and springs26:58And treasures and honorable station -26:59Thus. And We caused to inherit it the Children of Israel.26:60So they pursued them at sunrise.26:61And when the two companies saw one another, the companions of Moses said, “Indeed, we are to be overtaken!”26:62[Moses] said, “No! Indeed, with me is my Lord; He will guide me.”26:63Then We inspired to Moses, “Strike with your staff the sea,” and it parted, and each portion was like a great towering mountain.26:64And We advanced thereto the pursuers.26:65And We saved Moses and those with him, all together.26:66Then We drowned the others.26:67Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers.26:68And indeed, your Lord – He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.
Like for Hazrat Abraham (AS) Allah says-
26:69And recite to them the news of Abraham,26:70When he said to his father and his people, “What do you worship?”26:71They said, “We worship idols and remain to them devoted.”26:72He said, “Do they hear you when you supplicate 26:73Or do they benefit you, or do they harm?”26:74They said, “But we found our fathers doing thus.”26:75He said, “Then do you see what you have been worshipping,26:76You and your ancient forefathers?26:77Indeed, they are enemies to me, except the Lord of the worlds 26:78Who created me, and He [it is who] guides me.26:79And it is He who feeds me and gives me drink.26:80And when I am ill, it is He who cures me26:81And who will cause me to die and then bring me to life26:82And who I aspire that He will forgive me my sin on the Day of Recompense.”26:83[And he said], “My Lord, grant me authority and join me with the righteous.26:84And grant me a reputation of honor among later generations.26:85And place me among the inheritors of the Garden of Pleasure.26:86And forgive my father. Indeed, he has been of those astray.26:87And do not disgrace me on the Day they are [all] resurrected -26:88The Day when there will not benefit [anyone] wealth or children26:89But only one who comes to Allah with a sound heart.”26:102Then if we only had a return [to the world] and could be of the believers… “26:103Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers.26:104And indeed, your Lord – He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.
Like for Hazrat Noah (AS) Allah says-
26:105The people of Noah denied the messengers26:106When their brother Noah said to them, “Will you not fear Allah ?26:107Indeed, I am to you a trustworthy messenger.26:108So fear Allah and obey me.26:109And I do not ask you for it any payment. My payment is only from the Lord of the worlds.26:110So fear Allah and obey me.”26:111They said, “Should we believe you while you are followed by the lowest [class of people]?”26:112He said, “And what is my knowledge of what they used to do?26:113Their account is only upon my Lord, if you [could] perceive.26:114And I am not one to drive away the believers.26:115I am only a clear warner.”26:116They said, “If you do not desist, O Noah, you will surely be of those who are stoned.”26:117He said, “My Lord, indeed my people have denied me.26:118Then judge between me and them with decisive judgment and save me and those with me of the believers.”26:119So We saved him and those with him in the laden ship.26:120Then We drowned thereafter the remaining ones.
Like for Hazrat Hud (AS) Allah says-
26:123’Aad denied the messengers26:124When their brother Hud said to them, “Will you not fear Allah ?26:125Indeed, I am to you a trustworthy messenger.26:126So fear Allah and obey me.26:127And I do not ask you for it any payment. My payment is only from the Lord of the worlds.26:131So fear Allah and obey me.26:132And fear He who provided you with that which you know,26:139And they denied him, so We destroyed them. Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers.26:140And indeed, your Lord – He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.
Like for Hazrat Salih(AS) Allah says-
26:141Thamud denied the messengers26:142When their brother Salih said to them, “Will you not fear Allah ?26:143Indeed, I am to you a trustworthy messenger.26:144 So fear Allah and obey me.26:145And I do not ask you for it any payment. My payment is only from the Lord of the worlds.26:159And indeed, your Lord – He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.
Like for messengers sent to Qaume Lot (AS) Allah says-
26:160The people of Lot denied the messengers26:161When their brother Lot said to them, “Will you not fear Allah ?26:162Indeed, I am to you a trustworthy messenger.26:163So fear Allah and obey me.26:169My Lord, save me and my family from [the consequence of] what they do.”26:170So We saved him and his family, all,26:171Except an old woman among those who remained behind.26:172Then We destroyed the others.26:175And indeed, your Lord – He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.
Like for HazratShu’ayb (AS) Allah says-
26:176The companions of the thicket denied the messengers26:177When Shu’ayb said to them, “Will you not fear Allah ?26:178Indeed, I am to you a trustworthy messenger.26:179So fear Allah and obey me.26:189And they denied him, so the punishment of the day of the black cloud seized them. Indeed, it was the punishment of a terrible day.26:191
And indeed, your Lord – He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.
About Quran Allah says-
26:192And indeed, the Qur’an is the revelation of the Lord of the worlds.26:193The Trustworthy Spirit has brought it down26:194Upon your heart, [O Muhammad] – that you may be of the warners -26:195In a clear Arabic language.26:196And indeed, it is [mentioned] in the scriptures of former peoples.26:197And has it not been a sign to them that it is recognized by the scholars of the Children of Israel?27:1These are the verses of the Qur’an and a clear Book27:2As guidance and good tidings for the believers
In SurahAn-Naml about Quran and then giving example of Hazrat Solomon (AS) Allah says-
27:6And indeed, [O Muhammad], you receive the Qur’an from one Wise and Knowing.27:15And We had certainly given to David and Solomon knowledge, and they said, “Praise [is due] to Allah , who has favored us over many of His believing servants.”27:16And Solomon inherited David. He said, “O people, we have been taught the language of birds, and we have been given from all things. Indeed, this is evident bounty.”27:17And gathered for Solomon were his soldiers of the jinn and men and birds, and they were [marching] in rows.27:18Until, when they came upon the valley of the ants, an ant said, “O ants, enter your dwellings that you not be crushed by Solomon and his soldiers while they perceive not.”27:19So [Solomon] smiled, amused at her speech, and said, “My Lord, enable me to be grateful for Your favor which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents and to do righteousness of which You approve. And admit me by Your mercy into [the ranks of] Your righteous servants.”27:20And he took attendance of the birds and said, “Why do I not see the hoopoe – or is he among the absent?27:21I will surely punish him with a severe punishment or slaughter him unless he brings me clear authorization.”27:22But the hoopoe stayed not long and said, “I have encompassed [in knowledge] that which you have not encompassed, and I have come to you from Sheba with certain news.27:23Indeed, I found [there] a woman ruling them, and she has been given of all things, and she has a great throne.27:24I found her and her people prostrating to the sun instead of Allah , and Satan has made their deeds pleasing to them and averted them from [His] way, so they are not guided,27:25[And] so they do not prostrate to Allah , who brings forth what is hidden within the heavens and the earth and knows what you conceal and what you declare -27:26Allah – there is no deity except Him, Lord of the Great Throne.”27:27[Solomon] said, “We will see whether you were truthful or were of the liars.27:28Take this letter of mine and deliver it to them. Then leave them and see what [answer] they will return.”27:29She said, “O eminent ones, indeed, to me has been delivered a noble letter.27:30Indeed, it is from Solomon, and indeed, it reads: ‘In the name of Allah , the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful,27:31Be not haughty with me but come to me in submission [as Muslims].’ “27:32She said, “O eminent ones, advise me in my affair. I would not decide a matter until you witness [for] me.”27:33They said, “We are men of strength and of great military might, but the command is yours, so see what you will command.”27:34She said, “Indeed kings – when they enter a city, they ruin it and render the honored of its people humbled. And thus do they do.27:35But indeed, I will send to them a gift and see with what [reply] the messengers will return.”27:36So when they came toSolomon, he said, “Do you provide me with wealth? But what Allah has given me is better than what He has given you. Rather, it is you who rejoice in your gift.27:37Return to them, for we will surely come to them with soldiers that they will be powerless to encounter, and we will surely expel them therefrom in humiliation, and they will be debased.”27:38[Solomon] said, “O assembly [of jinn], which of you will bring me her throne before they come to me in submission?”27:39A powerful one from among the jinn said, “I will bring it to you before you rise from your place, and indeed, I am for this [task] strong and trustworthy.”27:40Said one who had knowledge from the Scripture, “I will bring it to you before your glance returns to you.” And when [Solomon] saw it placed before him, he said, “This is from the favor of my Lord to test me whether I will be grateful or ungrateful. And whoever is grateful – his gratitude is only for [the benefit of] himself. And whoever is ungrateful – then indeed, my Lord is Free of need and Generous. 27:41He said, “Disguise for her her throne; we will see whether she will be guided [to truth] or will be of those who is not guided.”27:42So when she arrived, it was said [to her], “Is your throne like this?” She said, “[It is] as though it was it.” [Solomon said], “And we were given knowledge before her, and we have been Muslims [in submission to Allah ].27:43And that which she was worshipping other than Allah had averted her [from submission to Him]. Indeed, she was from a disbelieving people.”27:44She was told, “Enter the palace.” But when she saw it, she thought it was a body of water and uncovered her shins [to wade through]. He said, “Indeed, it is a palace [whose floor is] made smooth with glass.” She said, “My Lord, indeed I have wronged myself, and I submit with Solomon to Allah , Lord of the worlds.”27:76Indeed, this Qur’an relates to the Children of Israel most of that over which they disagree.27:77And indeed, it is guidance and mercy for the believers.27:87And [warn of] the Day the Horn will be blown, and whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth will be terrified except whom Allah wills. And all will come to Him humbled.27:88And you see the mountains, thinking them rigid, while they will pass as the passing of clouds. [It is] the work of Allah , who perfected all things. Indeed, He is Acquainted with that which you do.27:89Whoever comes [at Judgment] with a good deed will have better than it, and they, from the terror of that Day, will be safe.
In SurahAl-Qasas about Hazrat Moses (AS)Allah says
28:2These are the verses of the clear Book.28:3We recite to you from the news of Moses and Pharaoh in truth for a people who believe.28:4Indeed, Pharaoh exalted himself in the land and made its people into factions, oppressing a sector among them, slaughtering their [newborn] sons and keeping their females alive. Indeed, he was of the corrupters.28:5And We wanted to confer favor upon those who were oppressed in the land and make them leaders and make them inheritors28:6And establish them in the land and show Pharaoh and [his minister] Haman and their soldiers through them that which they had feared.28:7And We inspired to the mother of Moses, “Suckle him; but when you fear for him, cast him into the river and do not fear and do not grieve. Indeed, We will return him to you and will make him [one] of the messengers.”28:8And the family of Pharaoh picked him up [out of the river] so that he would become to them an enemy and a [cause of] grief. Indeed, Pharaoh and Haman and their soldiers were deliberate sinners.28:9And the wife of Pharaoh said, “[He will be] a comfort of the eye for me and for you. Do not kill him; perhaps he may benefit us, or we may adopt him as a son.” And they perceived not.28:10And the heart of Moses’ mother became empty [of all else]. She was about to disclose [the matter concerning] him had We not bound fast her heart that she would be of the believers.28:11And she said to his sister, “Follow him”; so she watched him from a distance while they perceived not.28:12And We had prevented from him [all] wet nurses before, so she said, “Shall I direct you to a household that will be responsible for him for you while they are to him [for his upbringing] sincere?”28:13So We restored him to his mother that she might be content and not grieve and that she would know that the promise of Allah is true. But most of the people do not know.28:14And when he attained his full strength and was [mentally] mature, We bestowed upon him judgment and knowledge. And thus do We reward the doers of good.
In SurahAl-Ankabut Allah says-
29:2Do the people think that they will be left to say, “We believe” and they will not be tried?29:3But We have certainly tried those before them, and Allah will surely make evident those who are truthful, and He will surely make evident the liars.29:4Or do those who do evil deeds think they can outrun Us? Evil is what they judge.29:5Whoever should hope for the meeting with Allah – indeed, the term decreed by Allah is coming. And He is the Hearing, the Knowing.29:6And whoever strives only strives for [the benefit of] himself. Indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds.29:7And those who believe and do righteous deeds – We will surely remove from them their misdeeds and will surely reward them according to the best of what they used to do.29:21He punishes whom He wills and has mercy upon whom He wills, and to Him you will be returned.29:57Every soul will taste death. Then to Us will you be returned.29:58And those who have believed and done righteous deeds – We will surely assign to them of Paradise [elevated] chambers beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally. Excellent is the reward of the [righteous] workers
About Makkah Allah says-
29:67Have they not seen that We made [Makkah] a safe sanctuary, while people are being taken away all around them? Then in falsehood do they believe, and in the favor of Allah they disbelieve?
In SurahAr-Rum Allah says that Quran is an example of everything and all kind-
30:2The Byzantines have been defeated30:3In the nearest land. But they, after their defeat, will overcome.30:4Within three to nine years. To Allah belongs the command before and after. And that day the believers will rejoice30:5In the victory of Allah . He gives victory to whom He wills, and He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.30:6[It is] the promise of Allah . Allah does not fail in His promise, but most of the people do not know.30:41Corruption has appeared throughout the land and sea by [reason of] what the hands of people have earned so He may let them taste part of [the consequence of] what they have done that perhaps they will return [to righteousness].30:42Say, [O Muhammad], “Travel through the land and observe how was the end of those before. Most of them were associators [of others with Allah ].30:5 And We have certainly presented to the people in this Qur’an from every [kind of] example. But, [O Muhammad], if you should bring them a sign, the disbelievers will surely say, “You [believers] are but falsifiers.”